1) You cannot hit below the belt. Nor can you hold, trip, kick, headbutt, wrestle, bite, spit on, or push your opponent.
2) You cannot hit with your head, shoulder, forearm, or elbow.
3) You must punch with a closed fist. You cannot hit with an open glove, the inside of the glove, the wrist, the backhand, or the side of the hand.
4) You cannot punch your opponent's back, or the back of his head or neck.
5) You cannot throw a punch while holding on to the ropes to gain more leverage.
6) You can't hold your opponent and hit him at the same time, or duck so low that your head is below your opponent's belt line.
7) When the referee breaks you from a clinch, you have to take a full step back. You cannot immediately hit your opponent instead as that's called 'hitting on the break' and is illegal.
8) You cannot spit out your mouthpiece on purpose to get a rest.
9) If you knockdown your opponent, you must go straight to the farthest neutral corner while the referee makes the count.
10) If you 'floor' your opponent, you cannot hit him when he's on the canvas.
11) A floored boxer has up to ten seconds to get back up onto his feet, or lose the bout by knockout.
12) A boxer who is knocked down cannot be saved by the bell in any round, depending upon the local jurisdiction's rules.
13) A boxer who is hit with an accidental low blow has up to five minutes to recover. If he/she cannot continue after five minutes, he/she is considered knocked out.
14) If any foul results in an injury that causes the fight to end immediately, the boxer who committed the foul is disqualified.
15) If the foul causes an injury but the bout continues, the referee will instruct the judges to deduct two points from the boxer who caused the injury.
16) If an unintentional foul causes the bout to be stopped immediately. The bout is deemed a 'no contest' if less than four rounds have been completed. (If the bout was scheduled for four rounds, then three rounds must have been completed.) If four rounds have been completed, the judges' scorecards are tallied and the fighter who is ahead on points at the time is awarded a technical decision. If the scores are even, the bout will be deemed a 'technical draw'
17) If a boxer is knocked out of the ring, he has a count of 20 to get back into the ring unaided and be on his feet.
18) In some jurisdictions the standing eight-count or the three knockdown rule also may be in effect.
19) Only the referee can stop the bout. Ringside medical staff, boxers, their coaches, cutmen and other assistants can make it be known that they want the fight to be stopped, but the final decision lies with the referee.
How To Score A Fight
There are typically three judges for each fight, who calculate points as follows:
If a judge deems that 'boxer A' has out-boxed 'boxer B' in a round, then he/she will score the round 10 points for 'boxer A', and 9 points for 'boxer B'. If 'boxer B' is knocked down by 'boxer A', and receives a standing count, then the round is scored 10 points to 'boxer A' and 8 points to 'boxer B'. If the judge decides that neither boxer won a round, then he will score each boxer 10 points.
If a boxer is penalised by the referee (such as for multiple low blows), then the referee will turn to each ring-side judge individually and instruct him to deduct a point for that boxer from their score card for that round.
The referee collects the judges' scorecards after every round and delivers them to the ring-side commissioner. At the end of the fight, the points are totalled to arrive at a decision (win, lose or draw).
1) If all judges score for 'boxer A' then it is a win by unanimous decision (UD) for 'boxer A'
2) If two judges score for 'boxer A' and one judge scores a draw, then it is a majority decision (MD) win for 'boxer '
3) If two judges score for 'boxer A' and one judge scores for 'boxer B' then it is a split decision (SD) win for 'boxer A'
4) If all judges score a draw, then it is a draw by unanimous decision (D-UD)
5) If two judges score a draw and one judge scores for either boxer, then it is a majority draw (D-MD)
The Original Marquess Of Queensberry Rules
These boxing rules were established in 1867 by the Marquess of Queensberry:
1)To be a fair stand-up boxing match in a twenty-four foot ring or as near that size as practicable.
2) No wrestling or hugging allowed.
3) The rounds to be of three minutes duration and one minute rest time between rounds.
4) If either man fall through weakness or otherwise, he must get up unassisted, ten seconds be allowed to do so, the other man meanwhile to return to his corner; and when the fallen man is on his legs the round is to be resumed and continued until the three minutes have expired. If one man fails to come to the scratch in the ten seconds allowed, it shall be in the power of the referee to give his award in favour of the other man.
5) A man hanging on the ropes in a helpless state, with his toes off the ground, shall be considered down.
6) No seconds or any other person to be allowed in the ring during the rounds.
7) Should the contest be stopped by any unavoidable interference, the referee is to name the time and place as soon as possible for finishing the contest, to that the match can be won and lost, unless the backers of the men agree to draw the stakes
8) The gloves to be fair-sized boxing gloves of the best quality and new.
9) Should a glove burst or come off, it must be replaced to the referee's satisfaction.
10) A man on one knee is considered down, and if struck is entitled to the stakes.
11) No shoes or boots with springs allowed.
12) The contest in all other respects to be governed by the revised rules of the London Prize Ring.
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